Turbomachinery has been an integral part of the process industry where pumping oil and water across continents and in various treatment procedures in chemical industries and also in aviation. Thus the emphasis to develop and evolve different blade designs has picked up pace with research focusing on various blade profiles along with new material characteristics. One classic example is the introduction of plastic rotors in high speed applications replacing the older metal based rotors thus reducing the weight and increasing durability considerably.
Computational Fluid Dynamics has thus become an integral component in various design methodologies for pumps and propulsion systems across the world in last decade. High performance computing resources along with availability of validated and developed commercial codes has increased the usage of CFD in detailed design support analysis and is used extensively in designing the blade profile, conjugate heat transfer analysis, frozen rotor simulations, multi-stage analysis, cavitation analysis, and acoustics performance of complex turbomachinery.
The advent of CFD has been widely seen in development of novel techniques and paired propeller shafts in naval machinery and is widely tipped to become the active force behind multiple domains in defense developments replacing the old art of traditional testing methodologies.
The rate of mixing in different proportions and time taking approaches along with different mixing reaction times has been seen as the delay period in development life cycle of new drugs in chemical and bio-medical plants. However, the simulation techniques have replaced the conventional methods and have taken over in attracting attention globally by expanding the need for CFD to provide time accurate, viable results in lesser time periods and reduction of actual real time experiments.